Horses are started with extensive ground work and round-pen work. The horse learns ground manners, flexion, and softness. Skills learned in the ground work then become the foundation of balance, bending, and softness in the bridle when the horse is ridden. With this foundation the horse learns to move off of leg pressure, turn on the forehand, turn on the hauches, bending, leads, side pass, stop, back softly, and back in circles. After the basics are mastered in the arena the horse is then taken out on the trail. On the trails the horse is ridden on their own to help them with any herd-bound issues they might have, they also cross water, and tackle different types of terrain. The horse also learns to accept being ridden with a flag and have a rope thrown off of them.